ME2205 Electrical Drives and Controls – Anna University Previous year Model Question Paper Nov/Dec 2011 ...
Posted by R.Anirudhan
B.E./B.Tech. DEGREE EXAMINATIONS, NOV./DEC. 2011
Common to Mechanical Engineering, Production Engineering and
ME2205 Electrical Drives and ControlsTime: Three Hours Maximum: 100 marks
Answer ALL Questions
Part A – (10 x 2 = 20 marks)
1. Mention any four factors influencing the choice of Electric drives.
2. Define the thermal overload factor for a motor working on short time duty.
3. It is said that the speed of a DC motor depends on the back e.m.f. and on the flux
produced. State what kind of proportionality exists between these quantities.
4. Why i s DC series motor used for traction purpose?
5. What i s the basic difference between a three-point starter and a four-point starter?
6. What is the advantage of three phase slip ring induction motor?
7. State whether the speed and torque will increase or decrease when a resistance i s
inserted in the field dircuit of DC shunt motor.
8. Define Duty cycle of a DC chopper.
9. How to keep the magnetic field in the stator of induction motor approximately
constant in the operating range of speeds?
10. Name two methods adopted for varying the slip frequency of induction motor.
Part B – (5 x 16 = 80 marks)
11. (a) (i) Briefly explain, with suitable sketches, the heating and cooling curves of
electric motors. (6)
(ii) In a certain electric drive, the temperature rise is 25?C after one hour
and 37.5?C after two hours, starting from cold conditions. The ambient
temperature i s 30?C.
(1) Find the final steady temperature and the heating time constant.
(2) When disconnected, the temperature falls from the final steady value
to 40?C in 1.5 hours; Calculate the cooling time constant.
11. (b) (i) Sketch the relevant load diagrams and explain how the power rating for
drive motors is selected for the following classes of load duty:
(1) continuous duty with variable loading
(2) short time duty (8)
(ii) A motor i s required to deliver a load which follows the following cycle:
50 kW for 10 minutes; no load for 4 minutes; 25 kW for 10 minutes; no
load for 6 minutes.
The cycle is repeated indefinitely. Find the suitable capacity of a continuously
rated motor for the purpose. (4)
(iii) A motor whose continuous rating i s 20 kW, has a heating time constant
of 60 minutes. What load it can deliver for 10 minutes, if this is followed
by a shut down period long enough for it to cool? (4)
12. (a) (i) Sketch the following characteristics of DC series motor and derive their
(1) Torque vs Armature current (3)
(2) Speed vs Armature current (3)
(3) Speed vs Torque (3)
(ii) A DC series motor runs with a speed of 800 r.p.m. and draws a current
of 20 A from a supply at 250 V. The armature and series field winding
resistances are 0.2 ? and 0.3 ? respectively. A load change causes the
current to increase to 50 A. Assuming the flux produced is proportional
to current, calculate the speed of the motor at the new load.
12. (b) (i) Draw the approximate equivalent circuit of a three-phase induction motor
and derive the torque equation. Sketch also a typical torque-speed
characteristic of such a motor and indicate the different operating regions.
(ii) The rotor resistance and reactance at stand-still condition of a three phase
four-pole 440 V induction motor are 0.5 ohm and 0.8 ohm respectively per
phase. The supply frequency i s 50 cycles/s. Neglect the stator impedance.
Calculate the starting rotor current and also the rotor current when the
speed is 1440 r.p.m. (6)
13. (a) (i) With a neat sketch, explain the working of a four point starter for a DC
shunt motor. (8)
(ii) A 230 V shunt motor has an armature resistance of 0.2 ohm. The starting
armature current must not exceed 50 A. If the number of sections of
resistances in the starter is 5, find the value of resistance in each section.
13. (b) (i) Sketch a schematic circuit diagram of a stator-resistance starter for a threephase
induction motor. Derive an expression for the ratio of startingtorque
to full-load torque when such a starter is used. (8)
(ii) A three phase, 400 V, 22 kW, 500 r.p.m. squirrel cage induction motor
has a full load efficiency of 0.85 and a power factor of 0.88. The motor
takes a short circuit current of 150 A at 0.25 lag p.f. The full load slip is
5%. A starting torque of at least half the full load torque i s required. If a
stator-resistance starter i s used, determine the magnitude of the required
resistance in the stator circuit in each phase. (8)
14. (a) (i) Sketch the necessary schematic circuits for the following methods of controlling
the speed of a DC series motor.
(1) Armature diverter control
(2) Tapped field control
Mention clearly whether the speed will increase or decrease, in each case,
with reasons. (4 + 4 = 8)
(ii) A 250 V DC series motor drives a fan, the load torque being proportional
to (speed)1:5. At a certain speed, the motor takes 40 A. The armature
resistance is 0.6 ohm. Find the extra resistance needed to reduce the
speed to one half of the original speed. Saturation may be ignored. (8)
14. (b) (i) Sketch a basic step-down chopper circuit and explain its working. Distinguish
between ‘Time ratio control’ and ‘Current limit control’. (10)
(ii) A DC shunt motor takes a current of 100 A on a 500 V supply and runs at
1000 r.p.m. Its armature resistance is 0.25 ohm and the field resistance is
125 ohm. A chopper is used to control the speed of the motor in the range
400-800 r.p.m having constant torque. The ‘ON’ time of the chopper is
2.5 ms. Determine the chopper frequencies at 400 r.p.m and at 800 r.p.m.
The field is supplied directly at 500 V supply. (6)
15. (a) Using speed-torque characteristics, explain how stator voltage change can be
used for speed control of three phase induction motors. What are the drawbacks
of this method of speed control? Briefly explain two conventional methods
of implementing stator voltage control. (6 + 4 + 6 =16)
15. (b) (i) What i s the effect of injecting voltage in the rotor circuit (wound rotor) of
an induction motor? Sketch typical changes in torque-speed characteristics
due to injection of rotor voltage. How this concept be used to control the
(ii) Sketch a block diagram of a conventional Kramer system of slip power recovery
scheme for a three-phase wound-rotor induction motor and explain
its working. (8)