EC2303 COMPUTER ARCHITECTURE AND ORGANIZATION Lecture Notes for ECE - Fifth (5th) semester -by R.Anirudhan

EC2303 COMPUTER ARCHITECTURE AND ORGANIZATION Lecture Notes for ECE - Fifth (5th) semester


EC2303 Lecture Notes 

Syllabus :


UNIT I INTRODUCTION
Computing and Computers, Evolution of Computers, VLSI Era, System Design- Register
Level, Processor Level, CPU Organization, Data Representation, Fixed – Point
Numbers, Floating Point Numbers, Instruction Formats, Instruction Types. Addressing
modes.

UNIT II DATA PATH DESIGN
Fixed Point Arithmetic, Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication and Division, Combinational
and Sequential ALUs, Carry look ahead adder, Robertson algorithm, booth’s algorithm,
non-restoring division algorithm, Floating Point Arithmetic, Coprocessor, Pipeline
Processing, Pipeline Design, Modified booth’s Algorithm

UNIT III CONTROL DESIGN
Hardwired Control, Microprogrammed Control, Multiplier Control Unit, CPU Control Unit,
Pipeline Control, Instruction Pipelines, Pipeline Performance, Superscalar Processing,
Nano Programming.

UNIT IV MEMORY ORGANIZATION
Random Access Memories, Serial - Access Memories, RAM Interfaces, Magnetic
Surface Recording, Optical Memories, multilevel memories, Cache & Virtual Memory,
Memory Allocation, Associative Memory.

UNIT V SYSTEM ORGANIZATION
Communication methods, Buses, Bus Control, Bus Interfacing, Bus arbitration, IO and
system control, IO interface circuits, Handshaking, DMA and interrupts, vectored
interrupts, PCI interrupts, pipeline interrupts, IOP organization, operation systems,
multiprocessors, fault tolerance, RISC and CISC processors, Superscalar and vector
processor.



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