EC2038 NANO ELECTRONICS Lecture Notes for BME and ECE Departments - Seventh (7th) semester -by R.Anirudhan

EC2038 NANO ELECTRONICS Lecture Notes for BME - Seventh (7th) semester  and for ECE Departments - Seventh (7th) semester


EC2038 Lecture Notes

Syllabus :

UNIT I INTRODUCTION TO NANOTECHNOLOGY 9
Background to nanotechnology: Types of nanotechnology and nanomachines – periodic
table – atomic structure – molecules and phases – energy – molecular and atomic size –
surface and dimensional space – top down and bottom up; Molecular Nanotechnology:
Electron microscope – scanning electron microscope – atomic force microscope –
scanning tunnelling microscope – nanomanipulator – nanotweezers – atom manipulation –
nanodots – self assembly – dip pen nanolithography. Nanomaterials: preparation – plasma
arcing – chemical vapor deposition – sol-gels – electrodeposition – ball milling –
applications of nanomaterials;

UNIT II FUNDAMENTALS OF NANOELECTRONICS 
Fundamentals of logic devices:- Requirements – dynamic properties – threshold gates;
physical limits to computations; concepts of logic devices:- classifications – two terminal
devices – field effect devices – coulomb blockade devices – spintronics – quantum cellular
automata – quantum computing – DNA computer; performance of information processing
systems;- basic binary operations, measure of performance processing capability of
biological neurons – performance estimation for the human brain. Ultimate computation:-
power dissipation limit – dissipation in reversible computation – the ultimate computer.

UNIT III SILICON MOSFETs & QUANTUM TRANSPORT DEVICES 
Silicon MOSFETS - Novel materials and alternate concepts:- fundamentals of MOSFET
Devices- scaling rules – silicon-dioxide based gate dielectrics – metal gates – junctions &
contacts – advanced MOSFET concepts.
Quantum transport devices based on resonant tunneling:- Electron tunneling – resonant
tunneling diodes – resonant tunneling devices; Single electron devices for logic
applications:- Single electron devices – applications of single electron devices to logic
circuits.

UNIT IV CARBON NANOTUBES 
Carbon Nanotube: Fullerenes - types of nanotubes – formation of nanotubes – assemblies
– purification of carbon nanotubes – electronic propertics – synthesis of carbon nanotubes
– carbon nanotube interconnects – carbon nanotube FETs – Nanotube for memory
applications – prospects of an all carbon nanotube nanoelectronics.

UNIT V MOLECULAR ELECTRONICS 
Electrodes & contacts – functions – molecular electronic devices – first test systems –
simulation and circuit design – fabrication; Future applications: MEMS – robots – random
access memory – mass storage devices.


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By Vinoth
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