BM 2206 ANATOMY AND HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY Lecture Notes for BME - Third (3rd) semester
BM2206 Lecture Notes
UNIT I STUDY OF CELLULAR SYSTEM
Cell: Structure and organelles - Functions of each component in the cell. Cell membrane –
transport across membrane – origin of cell membrane potential (Nernst and Goldman and
Katz equations) – Action potential.
UNIT II HEMATOLOGICAL SYSTEM
Blood composition - functions of blood – functions of RBC. WBC types and their functions.
Blood groups –importance of blood groups –identification of blood groups. blood flow
factors regulating blood flow such as viscosity, radius , density etc (Fahreus lindqvist
effect, Poiseuille’s Law )
UNIT III RENAL AND RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
Structure of Kidney and nephron. Mechanism of Urine formation and acid base regulation.
Dialysis. Components in of respiratory system. Oxygen and carbon dioxide transport and
acid base regulation.
UNIT IV CARDIAC SYSTEM
Structure of heart – Properties of Cardiac muscle – Cardiac muscle and pacemaker
potential - Cardiac cycle – ECG - Heart sound - volume and pressure changes and
regulation of heart rate.
UNIT V SENSORY SYSTEM
Structure of a Neuron. Synaptic conduction. Conduction of action potential in neuron Parts
of brain cortical localization of functions.. EEG. Simple reflexes , withdrawal reflexes.
Autonomic nervous system and its functions,Structure of eye ,ear and auditory and visual