TECHNICAL ENGLISH -II IMPORTANT QUESTIONS -by R.Anirudhan



Technical English II Important Questions
Vocabulary
Basic Technical Vocabulary
Accelerator- a machine which promotes the speed of the vehicle
Atom- the smallest unit of a chemical element, made up of a nucleus surrounded by electrons
Data-a group of measurements, facts or statistics
Energy- the capacity to do work
Electron – a tiny particle with a negative charge which orbits an exchanging atom’s nucleus
Force – a push or pull
Hypothesis – an idea that can be tested or investigated
Hyper tension – abnormally high blood pressure
Internet – a worldwide network of computers linked together or the purpose of exchanging information
Laboratory – a place equipped for scientific research, experiments or testing
Matter – something that has mass which can exist in the form of a solid, liquid, gas or plasma
Ultrasonic –(sound) having a pitch above the upper limit of human hearing
Velocity- an object’s speed and direction of motion
Zero conductivity – the property of having zero electrical resistance
Synonyms
Absorb-consume
Accelerate- promote
Accurate- correct
Alien- foreign
Alter-change
Amend-improve
Amplify-increase
Announce-proclaim
Brief-concise
Calculate-estimate
Contaminate-polite
Defect-fault
Edifice- building
Emancipate- liberate
Gigantic-huge
Holistic-seeing as a whole
Rapid-fast
Unique-strange
Amalgamation -bring together
Chip- device composed of silicon
Radiation-giving out rays
Depletion – getting completely exhausted
Antonyms
Abbreviate x expand
Abstract x concrete
Abundance x scarcity
Accidental x incidental
Advance x recede
Alien x native
Attract x repel
Barren x fertile
Contaminate x purify
Dilute x concentrate
Expand x contract
Gradual x sudden
Hostile x friendly
Permit x prohibit
Rapid x slow
Abbreviations and acronyms
ALGOL - arithmetic language
BCCS – body centred cubic structure
BASIC- Beginners All Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code
CRO- cathode ray oscilloscope
DBMS – Data Base Management System
GMAT- Graduate Management Admission Test
GATE- Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering
LISP – List Processing
MOU – memorandum of understanding
RADAR – Radio Detection And Ranging
SONAR – Sound Navigation And Ranging
VIRUS- Vital Information Resource Under Seize
S I units
Amount of substance – mole
Acceleration – meter/ second2
Density- kilogram
Distance- kilometer
Electric current – ampere
Energy – Joule
Surface tension – Newton/ meter
Velocity – meter/ second
Same word as different parts of speech
Answer
The answer (N) is irrelevant
He answered (V) all the questions
Conduct
The student was appreciated for good conduct (N).
A film festival was conducted (V) here last week.
Demand
There is a great demand (N) for foreign goods.
The militants demand (N) a huge ransom.
Object
The object (N) on the table is beautiful.
The minister objected (V) to the remark made by the opposition.
Produce
Agricultural produce (N) was normal this year.
Many new cars are produced (V) every year.
American and British English
British English American English
Accelerator Gas pedal
Advertisement Commercial
Biscuit Cookie
Cinema Movie theater
Curriculum vitae Resume
Dynamo Generator
Lift Elevator
Pavement Side walk
Petrol Gas
Servant Valet
Idioms and phrases
A blessing in disguise – something good that is not recognized at first
Bite your tongue – avoid talking
Blue moon – a rare event or occurrence
Field day – an enjoyable day or circumstance
Rule of thumb – a rough estimate
Without a doubt – for certain
Adverbs
The waves came quickly over the rocks.
I found the examination amazingly easy.
She regularly visits her dentist.
He definitely left the factory this morning.
He will probably remind me tomorrow.
Adjectives
A computer calculates faster than man
The extraction of gold is more expensive than the extraction of any other metal.
An aero plane travels faster than a helicopter.
The summer is hotter than the spring.
The pacific is deeper than the Indian Ocean
Numerical Expressions
A budget estimate of 5 lakhs- a 5 lakh budget estimate
A committee of five members- a five member committee
A journey of fifty miles- a fifty mile journey
A lecture for three hours- a three hour lecture
A project for three years – a three year project
A tank with a capacity of 1000 liters
A walk of five miles- a five mile walk
Articles
He is a European.
This is an island.
The rose is beautiful.
The cow gives us milk.
He is a university lecturer.
He is a one-eyed man.
Prepositions
1. The father divided the property between the two sons.
2. Students were warned about ragging in the campus.
3. This version differs from the original one.
4. He is senior to me.
5. You should not rely on rumours.
6. The skilled workers carry out many operations on a lathe under his supervisor.
7. One of the main benefits of machine civilization is that our standard of life has improved. There
is much more variety in our lives. Food from any part of the world can be obtained during any
season of the year.
Connectives
1. We are going out to buy some books after we finish taking the test.
2. While I was waiting for the train, I met my friend.
3. He took care of the business whereas she took care of the family.
4. Though she is not rich she behaves like one.
5. I love Mc Donald’s burger because it is delicious.
Cause and effect
1. I stayed at home because it was raining.
2. Owing to the construction of big dams thousands of families evacuate.
3. Due to rain the whole day, the match was cancelled.
4. Since police is enforcing the traffic schools strictly, the number of accidents has come down.
5. Forest department planted more trees; consequently the green cover is increased in Tamil Nadu.
Purpose and function
1. They had to take some of his land, in order to extend the rail road.
2. I bought six cows so that we would have some milk to sell.
3. We use cameras for taking photographs.
4. We use robots for performing heavy and dangerous jobs.
5. A catalyst is used to speed up a chemical process.
Relative clauses
1. They like their present house which they bought last year.
2. The manager should decide who should take up his worl when he is on leave.
3. A calendar is something which tells you the date.
4. This is the machine that James invented.
5. The scientist, whom I adore, retired last month.
Imperatives
Oder or instruction
Stop the bike.
Turn off the monitor.
Keep thing in order.
Advice/ warning
Be careful.
Be sensible.
Don’t unplug the pen drive.
Framing questions
Using Be verbs
Am I giving you the right answer?
Is the film good to see?
Were you present yesterday?
Was the film nice?
Using have/ has
Have you received our appointment order?
Has he come today?
Have you brought the money?
Using modals
Do you like this book?
Does she go to market often?
Did you go to office yesterday?
Are you coming to or village today?
Can you help me, please?
Complete a dialogue by framing suitable questions.
Shop keeper : Yes sir, what can I do for you?
Customer : I want to buy a good perfume.
Shop keeper : Well, what’s the price range?
Customer : I want a perfume in the price range of Rs. 800/- to Rs. 1000/-.
Shop keeper : Hmmm, at that price, we have both imported and Indian perfumes,
Which do you prefer?
Customer : I prefer imported ones.
Shop keeper : Tell me what fragrance you like?
Customer : I like jasmine fragrance.
Shop keeper : Well, there you are; try this.
Customer : No, I don’t want a body spray.
Shop keeper : But sir, there is an offer. When you buy one perfume you get a body
spray free.
Customer : how much does it cost?
Shop keeper : It costs Rs. 800/-
Customer : Is it a fast moving perfume?
Shop keeper : Yes sir, it is a fast moving perfume.
Customer : When is the offer closing?
Shop keeper : The offer closes today, sir.
Customer : Well, then, I’ll take this offer.
Shop keeper : Thank you, sir. Please do visit again.
Reported speech
Statements
Direct : she said to Radha, “It may rain today”.
Indirect : She told Radha that it might rain that day.
Direct: the teacher said, “Truth always triumphs”.
The teacher said that truth always triumphs.
Interrogatives or questions
Wh questions take no conjunction.
Ramya said to Rani, “Where is your house?”
Ramya asked Rani where her house was.
Sundar said to Raja, “when did you meet your friend?”
Sundar asked Raja when he had met his friend.
Verbal questions generally take if or whether conjunctions
Imperatives or commands and requests
The captain said to his soldiers; “Open fire”.
The captain ordered his soldiers to open fire.
The student said to his teacher, “Please demonstrate the experiment once again, Sir”
The student requested his teacher to demonstrate the experiment once again.
The mother said to her son, “Don’t drive too fast”.
The mother advised her son not to drive too fast.
Exclamations and wishes
He said, “Alas! I have lost my purse”.
He exclaimed sadly that he had lost his purse.
He said, “Bravo! You have done well”
He applauded him saying that he had done well.
Tenses
Simple present tense
1. Radar tracks the movements of air planes and ships.
2. The introduction of new methods does not always increase productivity.
3. The angle of a triangle lead up to 360 degrees.
4. Diamonds are usually hard to break.
Present continuous tense
1. The machine is running at a very low speed.
2. We are opening our new production unit next year.
3. Sangavi is going to inaugurate the new power plant next week.
4. The crew is getting the metallic cabinet ready.
Present perfect continuous tense
1. She has never seen a nano-computer.
2. Someone has closed the main valve.
3. Have you ever seen this programme?
4. Have you ever been to the manufacturing unit?
Present perfect continuous tense
1. We’ve been waiting for a good offer to buy a car since March.
2. I have been waiting for you to come 9but you didn’t come).
3. The gauge has been indicating the presence of radio-activity.
4. Have you been lubricating the new equipments?
Simple past tense
1. He entered the room, took off his coat and smiled at the guests.
2. The vice held the iron rod safely.
3. The gauge immediately began to indicate the presence of radio-activity.
4. Most of the students understood the result of the experiment.
Past continuous tense
1. The electrician was repairing the faulty cable.
2. He asked me why I wasn’t having dinner at the hotel.
3. While I was waiting for the bus, I met my friend.
4. It was raining heavily yesterday.
Past perfect tense
1. John looked as if he had done something wrong.
2. By the time I got to the market, most of the stalls had already been closed.
3. Mr. Mani had taken the back up copy before shutting down the system.
4. I thanked him for what he had done.
Past perfect continuous tense
1. How long had he been running?
2. The new machine had been running for an hour when it started raining.
3. We had been waiting at the railway station for the guest.
Simple future tense
1. Our new production unit will function from tomorrow.
2. He will be angry to see you.
3. Shall we go to a movie today?
4. Tomorrow will be a holiday.
Future continuous tense
1. Tomorrow at nine, I will be writing a new program for my new project.
2. Tomorrow at this time, I will be reading my lessons.
3. Will Mark be playing foot ball at 6 pm?
4. We won’t be leaving the factory tomorrow at 8 o’clock.
Present perfect tense
1. Tomorrow at 9.30 I will have written a new program for my project.
2. They will have graduated by July 2011.
3. I will have retired by the end of this year.
4. Anandha will have completed the project by next week.
Future perfect continuous
1. By July 2011, they will have been working for this organization for three years.
2. The new factory will have been running for a year in July 2011.
Rearranging jumbled sentences
1. Secondly, we heat the steel above a certain critical temperature, and then allowit to
cool at different rates.
2. We can alter the characteristics of steel in various ways.
3. Annealing has a second disadvantage.
4. In the process known as annealing, we heat the steel above the critical temperature
and permit it to cool very slowly.
5. This causes the metal to become softer than before, and much easier to machines.
6. At this critical temperature, changes begin to take place on the molecular structures
of the metal.
7. It helps to relieve any internal stresses, which exist in the metal.
8. In the first place, steel, which contains a higher percentage of carbon, will be milder
than steel, which contains higher percentage of carbon.
ANSWER: 2,8,1,6,4,5,3,7.
No 2.
1. This is a device that restricts the flow of air at the entrance to the carburetor, before
the venturi.
2. In addition, the choke is usually connected to a “fast idle cam” or other such device
such prevents the throttle from closing fully, which could stave the venturisof
vacuum and cause the engine to stall.
3. When the engine is cold, a richer mixture (more fuel to air) is required to start and
run the engine until it warms up.
4. With this restriction place, extra vacuum is developed in the carburetor barrel, which
pulls fuels through the venturi to supplement the fuel being pulled from the idle and
off-idle circuits.
5. This provided the rich mixture required to sustain operation at low engine
temperatures.
6. In addition, it increases airflow throughout the intake system which helps to better
atomise the cold fuel, and smooth out the idle.
7. To provide the extra fuel, a choke is typically used.
8. This also serves s a way to help the engine warm up quickly by idling a higher than
normal speed.
ANSWER: 3,7,1,4,5,2, 8,6
DEFINITIONS AND EXTENDED DEFINITIONS
1. A drill is a tool for making holes.
2. A planet is a large body in space that moves round a star, especially round the sun.
3. A calculator is a small electronic machine used for determining quantities of heat
evolved, absorbed or transferred.
4. A flow chart is a diagrammatic representation of a program or a procedure.
5. A sensor is an instrument used for discovering the presence of particular quality and
effect.
6. An auditorium is a hall for public hearing.
7. Electro kinetics is a branch of science which treats distribution of electric current.
8. Dynamite is a branch of science which treats distribution of electric current.
9. An accelerator is a device for promoting the speed of a vehicle.
10. An amplifier is a device to increase the strength of electric signals
Extended definitions
A lathe
A lathe is a machine tool which spins a block of material to perform various
operations such cutting, sanding, knurling, drilling or deformation like metal spinning
with tools that are applied to the work piece to create an object which has symmetry
about an axis of rotation.
A capacitor
A capacitor is a device for storing electric charge. Simple capacitors usually consist of
two plates made of an electrically conducting material (e.g a metal) separated by a
non-conducting material, or dielectric (e.g. air, ceramic, glasses, mica, oil, paper,
paraffin, or plastic). If an electric potential (voltage) is applied to the capacitor plates,
the plates will become charge, one positively and negatively.
Microprocessor
Microprocessor is an integrated circuit that interprets and executes instructions from a
computer program. When combined with other integrated circuits that provide storage
for data and programs, often on a single semiconductor base to form a chip, the
microprocessor becomes the heart of a small computer or microcomputer.
Paragraph /essay writing
1. Describe the working process of a washing machine.
2. Write the procedure for sending e-mail.
3. Define the sources and causes of water pollution.
4. What is appropriate technology?
5. Write a paragraph of 200 words stating the role of electronic media in imparting
education.
6. Write two paragraphs of 100 words each on the importance of forest resources
and on the measures that you would recommend to preserve the forest resources.
7. Write two paragraphs on the merits and demerits of the best alternative source of
energy for India.
8. Write a paragraph on the different measures that could be taken to preserve our
environment.
9. Comment on the basic structure of a report.
10. Imagine that you are the Safety Engineer of ABC Industries, Madurai. Write a
detailed report on a fire accident that occurred in your factory a few days ago to
the General Manager, ABC Industries (Head Office), Chennai 42.
11. Imagine you are the staff secretary in your college. Submit a report to the
Principal of your college regarding improving the result.
12. Write a report for finding the potential of expanding the business of a company.
Letter writing
1. Write a letter to the Deputy Commissioner of Police complaining about the noise
pollution caused by the constant use of loud speakers in your residential area. In
your letter, offer suggestions to solve the problems you have discussed.
2. As the Purchase Manager of DEV Computers Ltd; you have received a
consignment four computers on order from Intel Computer Ltd., New Delhi, but
two of them were of lower configuration than you had paid for. Write a letter of
complaint asking for immediate replacement.
3. Write a letter to the Editor of a newspaper about the miseries caused by the
recent power cuts in your area.
4. Write a letter to the HRD Manager of ICICi Bank, Anna Salai, Chennai- 2
applying for the post of System Manager. Add a separate resume to your
covering letter.
5. Write a letter to the editor of a newspaper in your region about the ragging
menace in educational institutions and suggest ways to prevent them.
Check lists
1. Imagine that you have to go New Delhi to appear for an interview. Make an eight
item check list with a proper title for your reference.
2. Write a check list of eight items for job-searching –planning and preparation.
3. Write a check list for cover letters when applying for a job.
Instructions
1. Write a set of eight instructions on using the mobile in the public.
2. Write a set of eight instructions given to a tourist friend from the USA who
wishes to make his trip to Chennai a pleasant one.
3. Write a set of eight instructions to be followed in the computer / chemistry
laboratory.
4. Write a set of eight instructions that could be followed in good computer
maintenance.
5. Write eight instructions that are to be followed by the citizens of India in order to
preserve the environment.
Recommendations
1. Write a set of eight recommendations for safety in nuclear plants.
2. Write a set of eight recommendations that should be followed to preserve our
water resources.
3. Write a set of eight recommendations to our friend who is studying in a rural
engineering college to score good marks in the university examination.
4. Write a set of eight recommendations for maintaining a laptop in good working
condition.
5. Write a set of eight instructions that will help the public to save petrol.
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CREDITS : CIT INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
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