EC2303 COMPUTER ARCHITECTURE AND ORGANIZATION Lecture Notes for BME - Sixth (6th) semester and for ECE - Fifth (5th) semester -by R.Anirudhan

EC2303 COMPUTER ARCHITECTURE AND ORGANIZATION  Lecture Notes for BME - Sixth (6th) semester and for ECE - Fifth (5th) semester 


EC2303 Lecture Notes 

Syllabus :

UNIT I INTRODUCTION 
Computing and Computers, Evolution of Computers, VLSI Era, System Design - Register
Level, Processor Level, CPU Organization, Data Representation, Fixed – Point Numbers,
Floating Point Numbers, Instruction Formats, Instruction Types. Addressing modes.

UNIT II DATA PATH DESIGN 
Fixed Point Arithmetic, Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication and Division, Combinational
and Sequential ALUs, Carry look ahead adder, Robertson algorithm, booth’s algorithm,
non-restoring division algorithm, Floating Point Arithmetic, Coprocessor, Pipeline
Processing, Pipeline Design, Modified booth’s Algorithm

UNIT III CONTROL DESIGN 
Hardwired Control, Microprogrammed Control, Multiplier Control Unit, CPU Control Unit,
Pipeline Control, Instruction Pipelines, Pipeline Performance, Superscalar Processing,
Nano Programming.
UNIT IV MEMORY ORGANIZATION 9
Random Access Memories, Serial - Access Memories, RAM Interfaces, Magnetic Surface
Recording, Optical Memories, multilevel memories, Cache & Virtual Memory, Memory
Allocation, Associative Memory.

UNIT V SYSTEM ORGANIZATION 
Communication methods, Buses, Bus Control, Bus Interfacing, Bus arbitration, IO and
system control, IO interface circuits, Handshaking, DMA and interrupts, vectored
interrupts, PCI interrupts, pipeline interrupts, IOP organization, operation systems,
multiprocessors, fault tolerance, RISC and CISC processors, Superscalar and vector
processor.


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