CE2303 RAILWAYS, AIRPORTS AND HARBOUR ENGINEERING Lecture Notes for CIVIL - Fifth (5th) semester -by R.Anirudhan

CE2303 RAILWAYS, AIRPORTS AND HARBOUR ENGINEERING Lecture Notes for CIVIL - Fifth (5th) semester


CE2302 Lecture Notes

Syllabus :

UNIT I RAILWAY PLANNING AND DESIGN 
Role of Indian Railways in National Development – Railways for Urban Transportation – LRT & 
MRTS - Engineering Surveys for Track Alignment – Obligatory points - Conventional and 
Modern methods (Remote Sensing, GIS & GPS, EDM and other equipments) - Permanent Way, 
its Components and their Functions: Rails - Types of Rails, Rail Fastenings, Concept of
Gauges, Coning of Wheels, Creeps and kinks -Sleepers – Functions, Materials, Density – 
Functions, Materials, Ballastless Tracks - Geometric Design of Railway Tracks – Gradients and 
Grade Compensation, Super-Elevation, Widening of Gauges in Curves, Transition Curves, 
Horizontal and Vertical Curves.

UNIT II RAILWAY TRACK CONSTRUCTION, MAINTENANCE AND OPERATION 
Points and Crossings - Design of Turnouts, Working Principle - Signalling, Interlocking and 
Track Circuiting - Construction & Maintenance – Conventional, Modern methods and Materials, 
Track Drainage - Track Modernisation– Automated maintenance and upgrading, Re-laying of 
Track, Lay outs of Railway Stations and Yards, Rolling Stock, Tractive Power, Track 
Resistance, Level Crossings.

UNIT III AIRPORT PLANNING AND DESIGN 
Role of Air Transport, Components of Airports - Airport Planning – Air traffic potential, Site 
Selection, Design of Components, Cost Estimates, Evaluation and Institutional arrangements 
Runway Design- Orientation, Cross wind Component, Wind rose Diagram (Problems), 
Geometric Design and Corrections for Gradients (Problems), Drainage - Taxiway Design – 
Geometric Design Elements, Minimum Separation Distances, Design Speed, Airport Drainage - 
Airport Zoning - Clear Zone, Approach Zone, Buffer Zone, Turning Zone, Clearance over 
Highways and Railways

UNIT IV AIRPORT LAYOUTS, VISUAL AIDS, AND AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL 
Airport Layouts – Apron, Terminal Building, Hangars, Motor Vehicle Parking Area and
Circulation Pattern, Case studies of Airport Layouts - Airport Buildings – Primary functions, 
Planning Concept, Principles of Passenger Flow, Passenger Facilities - Visual Aids – Runway 
and Taxiway Markings, Wind Direction Indicators, Runway and Taxiway Lightings - Air Traffic 
Control – Basic Actions, Air Traffic Control Network - Helipads, Hangars, Service Equipments.

UNIT V HARBOUR ENGINEERING 
Definition of Terms - Harbours, Ports, Docks, Tides and Waves, Littoral Drift, Sounding, Area, 
Depth, Satellite Ports - Requirements and Classification of Harbours - Site Selection & 
Selection Investigation – Speed of water, Dredging, Range of Tides, Waves and Tidal Currents, 
Littoral Transport with Erosion and Deposition, Soundings, Anchoring Grounds, Geological 
Characteristics, Winds & Storms, Position and Size of Shoals - Shore Considerations- Proximity 
to Towns/Cities, Utilities, Construction Materials, Coast Lines - Dry and Wet Docks, Planning 
and Layouts - Entrance, Position of Light Houses, Navigating - Terminal Facilities – Port 
Buildings, Warehouse, Transit Sheds, Inter-modal Transfer Facilities, Mooring Accessories, 
Navigational Aids - Coastal Structures- Piers, Breakwaters, Wharves, Jetties, Quays, Spring 
Fenders - Coastal Shipping, Inland Water Transport and Container Transportation.

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