ANNA UNIVERSITY, CHENNAI
R - 2008
B.E. CIVIL ENGINEERING
CE2303 RAILWAYS, AIRPORTS AND HARBOUR ENGINEERING L T P C
4 0 0 4
This course imparts the student's knowledge of planning, design, construction and maintenance of railway tracks. The students acquire proficiency in the application of modern techniques such as GIS, GPS and remote sensing in Railway Engineering. The student develops skills on airport planning and design with the prime focus on runway and taxiway geometrics. Students become conversant with the definition, purpose, location and materials of coastal structures such as piers, breakwaters, wharves, jetties, quays and spring fenders. The students acquire knowledge on site reconnaissance for location and planning of harbours.
UNIT I RAILWAY PLANNING AND DESIGN 12
Role of Indian Railways in National Development – Railways for Urban Transportation – LRT & MRTS - Engineering Surveys for Track Alignment – Obligatory points - Conventional and Modern methods (Remote Sensing, GIS & GPS, EDM and other equipments) - Permanent Way, its Components and their Functions: Rails - Types of Rails, Rail Fastenings, Concept of Gauges, Coning of Wheels, Creeps and kinks -Sleepers – Functions, Materials, Density – Functions, Materials, Ballastless Tracks - Geometric Design of Railway Tracks – Gradients and Grade Compensation, Super-Elevation, Widening of Gauges in Curves, Transition Curves, Horizontal and Vertical Curves.
UNIT II RAILWAY TRACK CONSTRUCTION, MAINTENANCE AND OPERATION 12
Points and Crossings - Design of Turnouts, Working Principle - Signalling, Interlocking and Track Circuiting - Construction & Maintenance – Conventional, Modern methods and Materials, Track Drainage - Track Modernisation– Automated maintenance and upgrading, Re-laying of Track, Lay outs of Railway Stations and Yards, Rolling Stock, Tractive Power, Track Resistance, Level Crossings.
UNIT III AIRPORT PLANNING AND DESIGN 12
Role of Air Transport, Components of Airports - Airport Planning – Air traffic potential, Site Selection, Design of Components, Cost Estimates, Evaluation and Institutional arrangements Runway Design- Orientation, Cross wind Component, Wind rose Diagram (Problems), Geometric Design and Corrections for Gradients (Problems), Drainage - Taxiway Design – Geometric Design Elements, Minimum Separation Distances, Design Speed, Airport Drainage - Airport Zoning - Clear Zone, Approach Zone, Buffer Zone, Turning Zone, Clearance over Highways and Railways
UNIT IV AIRPORT LAYOUTS, VISUAL AIDS, AND AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL 12
Airport Layouts – Apron, Terminal Building, Hangars, Motor Vehicle Parking Area and Circulation Pattern, Case studies of Airport Layouts - Airport Buildings – Primary functions, Planning Concept, Principles of Passenger Flow, Passenger Facilities - Visual Aids – Runway and Taxiway Markings, Wind Direction Indicators, Runway and Taxiway Lightings - Air Traffic Control – Basic Actions, Air Traffic Control Network - Helipads, Hangars, Service Equipments.
UNIT V HARBOUR ENGINEERING 12
Definition of Terms - Harbours, Ports, Docks, Tides and Waves, Littoral Drift, Sounding, Area, Depth, Satellite Ports - Requirements and Classification of Harbours - Site Selection & Selection Investigation – Speed of water, Dredging, Range of Tides, Waves and Tidal Currents, Littoral Transport with Erosion and Deposition, Soundings, Anchoring Grounds, Geological Characteristics, Winds & Storms, Position and Size of Shoals - Shore Considerations- Proximity to Towns/Cities, Utilities, Construction Materials, Coast Lines - Dry and Wet Docks, Planning and Layouts - Entrance, Position of Light Houses, Navigating - Terminal Facilities – Port Buildings, Warehouse, Transit Sheds, Inter-modal Transfer Facilities, Mooring Accessories, Navigational Aids - Coastal Structures- Piers, Breakwaters, Wharves, Jetties, Quays, Spring Fenders - Coastal Shipping, Inland Water Transport and Container Transportation.
TOTAL: 60 PERIODS
1. Saxena Subhash C and Satyapal Arora, A Course in Railway Engineering, Dhanpat Rai and Sons, Delhi, 1998.
2. Khanna S K, Arora M G and Jain S S, Airport Planning and Design, Nemchand and
Brothers, Roorkee, 1994.
3. S P Bindra, A Course in Docks and Harbour Engineering, Dhanpat Rai and Sons, New
1. Rangwala, Railway Engineering, Charotar Publishing House, 1995.
2. Rangwala, Airport Engineering, Charotar Publishing House, 1996.
3. Oza.H.P. and Oza.G.H., "A course in Docks & Harbour Engineering". Charotar
4. J.S. Mundrey, "A course in Railway Track Engineering". Tata McGraw Hill, 2000.