CE2204 SURVEYING I Lecture Notes for CIVIL - Third (3rd) Semester -by R.Anirudhan

CE2204 SURVEYING I Lecture Notes for CIVIL - Third (3rd) Semester 


CE2204 Surveying I Lecture Notes 

Syllabus :

UNIT I INTRODUCTION AND CHAIN SURVEYING
Definition - Principles - Classification - Field and office work - Scales - Conventional signs -
Survey instruments, their care and adjustment - Ranging and chaining - Reciprocal ranging -
Setting perpendiculars - well - conditioned triangles - Traversing - Plotting - Enlarging and
reducing figures.

UNIT II COMPASS SURVEYING AND PLANE TABLE SURVEYING
Prismatic compass - Surveyor’s compass - Bearing - Systems and conversions - Local
attraction - Magnetic declination - Dip - Traversing - Plotting - Adjustment of errors - Plane table
instruments and accessories - Merits and demerits - Methods - Radiation - Intersection -
Resection - Traversing.

UNIT III LEVELLING AND APPLICATIONS
Level line - Horizontal line - Levels and Staves - Spirit level - Sensitiveness - Bench marks -
Temporary and permanent adjustments - Fly and check levelling - Booking - Reduction -
Curvature and refraction - Reciprocal levelling - Longitudinal and cross sections - Plotting -
Calculation of areas and volumes - Contouring - Methods - Characteristics and uses of contours
- Plotting - Earth work volume - Capacity of reservoirs.

UNIT IV THEODOLITE SURVEYING
Theodolite - Vernier and microptic - Description and uses - Temporary and permanent
adjustments of vernier transit - Horizontal angles - Vertical angles - Heights and distances -
Traversing - Closing error and distribution - Gale’s tables - Omitted measurements.

UNIT V ENGINEERING SURVEYS
Reconnaissance, preliminary and location surveys for engineering projects - Lay out - Setting
out works - Route Surveys for highways, railways and waterways - Curve ranging - Horizontal
and vertical curves - Simple curves - Setting with chain and tapes, tangential angles by
theodolite, double theodolite - Compound and reverse curves - Transition curves - Functions
and requirements - Setting out by offsets and angles - Vertical curves - Sight distances - Mine
Surveying - instruments - Tunnels - Correlation of under ground and surface surveys - Shafts -
Adits.



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