AG2211 APPLIED GEOLOGY lecture notes for CIVIL - Third (3rd) semester -by R.Anirudhan

AG2211 APPLIED GEOLOGY lecture notes for CIVIL - Third (3rd) semester 

AG2211 Applied Geology Lecture notes


syllabus :
UNIT I GENERAL GEOLOGY
Geology in Civil Engineering – Branches of geology – Earth Structures and composition –
Elementary knowledge on continental drift and plate technologies. Earth processes –
Weathering – Work of rivers, wind and sea and their engineering importance – Earthquake belts
in India. Groundwater – Mode of occurrence – prospecting – importance in civil engineering

UNIT II MINERALOGY
Elementary knowledge on symmetry elements of important crystallographic systems – physical
properties of minerals – study of the following rock forming minerals – Quartz family. Feldpar
family, Augite, Hornblende, Biotite, Muscovite, Calcite, Garnet – properties, behaviour and
engineering significance of clay minerals – Fundamentals of process of formation of ore
minerals – Coal and petroleum – Their origin and occurrence in India.

UNIT III PETROLOGY
Classification of rocks – distinction between igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks.
Description occurrence, engineering properties and distribution of following rocks. Igneous rocks
– Granite, Syenite, Diorite, Gabbro, Pegmatite, Dolerite and Basalt Sedimentary rocks
sandstone, Limestone, shale conglo, Conglomerate and breccia. Metamorphic rocks. Quartizite,
Marble, Slate, Phyllite, Gniess and Schist.

UNIT IV STRUCTURAL GEOLOGY AND GEOPHYSICAL METHOD
Attitude of beds – Outcrops – Introduction to Geological maps – study of structures – Folds,
faults and joints – Their bearing on engineering construction. Seismic and Electrical methods for
Civil Engineering investigations

UNIT V GEOLOGICAL INVESTIGATIONS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING
Remote sensing techniques – Study of air photos and satellite images – Interpretation for Civil
Engineering projects – Geological conditions necessary for construction of Dams, Tunnels,
Buildings, Road cuttings, Land slides – Causes and preventions. Sea erosion and coastal
protection.


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