EE 2251 ELECTRICAL MACHINES - I APRIL/MAY 2011 ANNA UNIVERSITY FOURTH SEMESTER QUESTION PAPER

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Reg. No. :          
B.E./B.Tech. DEGREE EXAMINATION, APRIL/MAY 2011
Fourth Semester
Electrical and Electronics Engineering
EE 2251 — ELECTRICAL MACHINES — I
(Regulation 2008)
Time : Three hours  Maximum : 100 marks
Answer ALL questions
PART A — (10 × 2 = 20 marks)
1. What are the three types of basic rotating electric machines?
2. A conductor 80 cm long moves at right angle to its length at a constant speed of
30 m/s in a uniform magnetic field of flux density 1.2 T. Find the emf induced
when the conductor motion is normal to the field flux.
3. Which equivalent circuit parameters can be determined from the open-circuit
test on a transformer?
4. The emf per turn for a single-phase 2200/220 V, 50 Hz transformer is 11 V.
Calculate the number of primary and secondary turns.
5. Based on the principle of conservation of energy, write an energy balance
equation for a motor.
6. What are the three basic principles for the electromechanical energy
conversion?
7. What is magnetic leakage flux?
8. Why is the efficiency of a three-phase induction motor less than that of a threephase transformer?
9. Draw the circuit model of dc shunt motor.
10. What is the function of no-volt release in a three-point starter?
Question Paper Code : 11311
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PART B — (5 × 16 = 80 marks)
11. (a) (i) Discuss in detail the magnetic circuits and the electrical analog of
magnetic circuits.    (10)
 (ii) What is eddy-current? Explain in detail the eddy-current loss.  (6)
Or
(b) (i) Explain the power losses that occur in a magnetic material when it
undergoes cyclic magnetization.  (10)
 (ii) The total core loss of a specimen of silicon steel is found to be
1500 W at 50 Hz. Keeping the flux density constant the loss
becomes 3000 W when the frequency is raised to 75 Hz. Calculate
separately the hysteresis and eddy current loss at each  of those
frequencies.    (6)
12. (a) The following data were obtained on a 20 kVA, 50 Hz, 2000/200 V
distribution transformer :
 Voltage (V) Current (A) Power (W)
OC test with HV open-circuited 200 4 120
SC test with LV short-circuited 60 10 300
 Draw the approximate equivalent circuit of the transformer referred to
the HV and LV sides respectively.   (16)
Or
(b) (i) A 3-phase transformer bank consisting of three 1-phase
transformers is used to step-down the voltage of a 3-phase, 6600 V
transmission line. If the primary line current is 10 A, calculate the
secondary line voltage, line current and output kVA for the
following connections :
  (1)  Y / ∆ and
  (2)  ∆ /Y . The turn’s ratio is 12. Neglect losses.  (8)
 (ii) A 20 kVA, 2500/500 V, single-phase transformer has the following
parameters :
  HV winding : r1 = 8 Ω and x1 = 17 Ω
  LV winding : r2 = 0.3 Ω and x2= 0.7 Ω
  Find the voltage regulation and the secondary terminal voltage at
full load for a pf of 0.8 lagging and 0.8 leading. The primary voltage
is held constant at 2500 V.   (8)
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13. (a) (i) Describe the flow of energy in electromechanical devices.  (6)
 (ii) Discuss about the ‘field energy’ and ‘coenergy’ in magnetic system.  
     (4)
 (iii) The magnetic flux density on the surface of an iron face is 1.6 T
which is a typical saturation level value for ferromagnetic material.
Find the force density on the iron face. (6)
Or
(b) A doubly-excited magnetic field system has coil self- and mutualinductances of
 L11 = L22 = 2H and  L12 = L21 =  cosθ
 Where θ is the angle between the axes of the coils.
 (i) The coils are connected in parallel to a voltage source  v = Vm sinωt .
Derive an expression for the instantaneous torque as a function of
the angular position  θ . Find there from the time-average torque.
Evaluate for θ = 30°, v = 100 sin314t .  (8)
 (ii) If coil 2 is shorted while coil 1 carries a current of  i Im sinωt
1 = ,
derive expressions for the instantaneous and time-average torques.
Compute the value of the time-average torque when  θ = 45° and
i 2 sin 314t
1 = .    (8)
14. (a) (i) A 3-phase, 50 Hz. star-connected alternator with 2-layer winding is
running at 600 rpm. It has 12 turns/coil, 4 slots/pole/phase and a
coil-pitch of 10 slots. If the flux/pole is 0.035 Wb sinusoidally
distributed, find the phase and line emf’s induced. Assume that the
total turns/phase are series connected.  (8)
 (ii) A 4-pole, lap-wound dc machine has 728 armature conductors. Its
field winding is excited from a dc source to create an air-gap flux of
32 mWb/pole. The machine (generator) is run from a prime mover
(diesel engine) at 1600 rpm. It supplies a current of 100 A to an
electric load.
  (1) Calculate the electromagnetic power developed.  (4)
  (2) What is the mechanical power that is fed from the primemover to the generator?   (2)
  (3) What is the torque provided by the prime mover?  (2)
Or
 132  132  132 4 11311
(b) (i) A 3-phase, 50 kW, 4-pole, 50 Hz induction motor has a winding (ac)
designed for delta connection. The winding has 24 conductors per
slot arranged in 60 slots. The rms value of the line current is 48 A.
Find the fundamental of the mmf wave of phase-A when the current
is passing through its maximum value. What is the speed and peak
value of the resultant mmf/pole?  (12)
 (ii) A 4-pole synchronous generator driven at 1500 rpm feeds a 6-pole
induction motor which is loaded to run at a slip of 5%. What is the
motor speed?    (4)
15. (a) (i) A 220 V dc generator supplies 4 kW at a terminal voltage of 220 V.
the armature resistance being 0.4  Ω . If the machine is now
operated as a motor at the same terminal voltage with the same
armature current, calculate the ratio of generator speed to motor
speed. Assume that the flux/pole is made to increase by 10% as the
operation is changed over from generator to motor.  (6)
 (ii) A 220 V, 7.5 kW series motor is mechanically coupled to a fan.
When running at 400 rpm the motor draws 30 A from the mains
(220 V). The torque required by the fan is proportional to the square
of speed. Ra = 0.6  Ω , Rse = 0.4  Ω . Neglect armature reaction and
rotational loss. Also assume the magnetization characteristic of the
motor to be linear.
  (1)  Determine the power delivered to the fan and torque
developed by the motor.   (5)
  (2) Calculate the external resistance to be added in series to the
armature circuit to reduce the fan speed to 200 rpm.  (5)
Or
(b) A 250-V dc shunt motor has Rf = 150  Ω and Ra = 0.6  Ω . The motor
operates on no-load with a full field flux at its base speed of 1000 rpm
with Ia = 5 A. If the machine drives a load requiring a torque of 100 Nm,
calculate armature current and speed of motor. If the motor is required to
develop 10 kW at 1200 rpm what is the required value of the external
series resistance in the field circuit? Assume linear magnetization.
Neglect saturation and armature reaction.  (16)
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