186101 (HS2161) Technical English I Lecture Notes General Vocabulary Adjectives


What is an adjective?
An adjective is a word which qualifies a noun and indicates the quality, kind, quantity, number etc., of a person, place or thing.

There are many kinds of adjectives.
1. Adjectives of quality
2. Adjectives of quantity
3. Adjectives of number
4.  Adjectives of Place
5. Adjectives of manner
6. Distributives Adjectives
7. Interrogatives Adjectives

1.       We form comparatives by adding ‘er’ and the superlative ‘-est’.
Positive                   comparative                   superlative
Bold                            bolder                               boldest
Cheap                         cheaper                           cheapest
2.       We form comparatives by adding ‘more’ and the superlative ‘Most’.
Positive                         comparative                                superlative
Beautiful                   more    beautiful                      most beautiful
Difficult                      more   difficult                         most difficult
3. Irregular comparison
The following adjectives are compared irregularly, that is, their comparative and superlative are not formed from positive.
Positive                comparative                   superlative
Bad                           worse                             worst
Ill                               worse                             worst
Much                       more                                most
Many                       more                                most
Good                        better                              best

Fill in the blanks with the comparative form of the adjective.
1. Diesel is------------(heavy) than petrol.
2. Ashok is ----------(good) than Aravind.
3. Vijay is--------- (intelligent) than Vivek.
4. Nylon is-------(hard) than rubber.
5. The tiger is -------(ferocious) than other animals.
6. Liberty is---------(important) than food.
7. He is --------(happy) than Suresh.
8. We should be --------(cautious) than before.
9. The ant is ------(more industrious) than other creatures.
10. The book is-------(more interesting) than that
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